Moore Solutions

I.T. fixes & Information for just about anything…

June 7th, 2011

Do you use Mac’s and PC’s to access network drives simultaneously? Do you find after you have browsed a network folder structure on your Mac when viewing the same network folder structure on a PC that each directory is littered with .DS_Store temp files?  If the answer is yes to both of these then read on…

To configure a Mac OS X user account so that .DS_Store files are not created when interacting with a remote file server using the Finder, follow the steps below:

Note: This will affect the user’s interactions with SMB/CIFS, AFP, NFS, and WebDAV servers.

1. Browse with “Finder” to the “Applications” folder on your “Macintosh HD”.

2. Double tap on the “Utilities” folder.

3. Navigate to “Terminal” and double tap it.

4. Type or copy and paste the following command:

defaults write com.apple.desktopservices DSDontWriteNetworkStores true

5. Close “Terminal” and restart your Mac.

6. On your PC browse your network drives with Windows explorer and delete all the .DS_Store temp files and you’re done.

The following Mac O/S’s are affected:

Mac OS X Server: 10.4, 10.5, 10.6 & 10.7

Mac OS X: 10.4, 10.5, 10.6 & 10.7

Note: This is profile specific, if you want to prevent .DS_Store file creation for other users on the same Mac, log in to each user account and repeat the steps above—or you can copy the newly modified com.apple.desktopservices.plist file to the ~/Library/Preferences folder of other user accounts.

These steps do not prevent the Finder from creating .DS_Store files on the local volume.

May 31st, 2011

Temporary internet files have moved physical locations from previous versions of Windows. In Windows 7 they are located in the following hidden location:

C:\Users\(Profile Name)\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\Temporary Internet Files

Note: Remember to show hidden files & folders, or drives and then un-tick Hide protected operating system files.

May 18th, 2011

Windows 7 logon account pictures are located here:

C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\User Account Pictures\Default Pictures

Note: To be able to view this folder you will need to enable hidden files and folders. To enable hidden files and folders do this do the following:

1. Left click on the Start / Windows logo button.

2. Left click on “Computer” or alternatively left click the cursor in the search bar and type C: and press enter.

3. Double left click on “Local Disk (C:)”

4. Left click on “Organize” towards the top left of the window.

5. Navigate down and left click on “Folder and search options”.

6. The Folder Options window should now have opened defaulting to the “General” tab.

7. Now left click on the “View” tab.

8. Find “Hidden files and folders” in the list of options and left click the radio button “Show hidden files, folders, and drives”.

9. Left click on the “OK” button and the “ProgramData” folder will appear (along with a few others) in the Local Disk C window.

In a corporate environment you may wish to customize your Windows 7 logon account picture with a company logo for example, to do this you would need to have your company logo in Windows Bitmap form using a maximum image size of 128 x 128 pixels.

Name your custom logon account logo either “user.bmp” for a user / administrator account or “guest.bmp” if you use guest
accounts.  Now copy them to the following locations below.

User / Administrator logon account picture: C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\User Account Pictures\user.bmp

Guest logon account picture: C:\ProgramData\Microsoft\User Account Pictures\guest.bmp

Note: You can backup the original logon pictures by renaming their .bmp extension to .bak for example eg. user.bak and Windows will ignore this extension and use your custom logon picture instead.

May 13th, 2011

Windows 7 default themes are located here: C:\Windows\Resources\Themes if you were to copy a saved theme into this location it would appear with the other Windows 7 themes under a new heading of “Installed Themes”.

On a clean install of Windows 7 there are 6 “Aero” themes and 6 “Ease of Access Themes” you can select these by doing the following:

1. Right click a blank area on your desktop to bring up the context menu.

2. Left click on “Personalize”

3. Left click on a theme of your choice and Windows will apply the theme. If you were to customise the Windows 7 background or Window colour, your new theme will appear under the heading of “My Themes” called “Unsaved Theme” at the top of the window.

4. To name your theme right click on your “Unsaved Theme” and click “Save theme” you will now be prompted to name it before saving. The location of your saved theme will be here: C:\Users\(Profile name)\AppData\Local\Microsoft\Windows\Themes\name.theme

In some versions of Windows 7, the default theme can relate to the regional settings (language and keyboard layout) chosen on
installation. These themes can form one of the 6 Aero themes even when all other themes have been removed from the C:\Windows\Resources\Themes location.

The regional themes are located here: C:\Windows\Globalization\MCT

Note: The MCT folder is hidden so you will need to show hidden files and folders first or type the full path into a windows explorer address bar.

April 20th, 2011

Windows 7 has 14 different schemes for each event sound installed by default, these can be used to customise your Windows 7 experience.

Windows 7’s default sound files can be found here: C:\Windows\Media

You can change your sounds by completing the following steps:

1. Right click a blank area on your desktop to bring up the context menu.

2. Left click on “Personalize”.

3. Left click the “Sounds” icon at the bottom of the page.

4. Navigate to the top dropdown box and select a different sound scheme.

5. Choose an event from the “Program Events” list menu and click on “Test” to play the sound for that particular event. If required repeat this process to hear what the other event sounds are like or change the sound scheme and repeat this process to find your preference.

Note: You can turn Windows sounds off completely by selecting the “No Sounds” scheme.

If you want to use your own sound file (it must be in .WAV format) click on the “Browse” button and browse to the location of your sound file (this will apply to the event selected in the second dropdown box).

Once your happy with your selection click “Apply” to accept the new sound scheme and ok to close the sound window.

If you have modified a default scheme with your own sound files you will be required to name and save your scheme before closing the sound window.

April 14th, 2011

When going abroad it’s useful to turn off your smart phones mobile data connection so that you don’t incur a large unexpected phone bill, so here’s a quick guide on how to enable / disable your data settings using Android:

1. Navigate to your “Settings” icon.

2. Select “Wireless & Networks”.

3. Scroll down and select “Mobile networks”.

4. Un-tick to disable or tick to enable “Data enabled” (in some versions its called “Data Traffic”) and “Data roaming”.

5. Navigate back twice to the first settings menu and select “Accounts & sync”.

6. Un-tick to disable or tick to enable “Auto-sync” and “Background data”.

April 13th, 2011
Windows 7’s default pre-installed wallpapers / backgrounds are located here: C:\Windows\Web\Wallpaper\
To add your own desktop background to the above location, simply create a folder (with a relevant name for your backgrounds) within the “Wallpaper” folder. e.g. C:\Windows\Web\Wallpaper\My Wallpapers
Windows will now group your backgrounds under the same name as the folder you created (in this example My Wallpapers) in the Desktop Background settings menu. This is particularly useful in corporate environments where multiple users share a computer and require the same background.
April 8th, 2011

To configure your USB memory stick  for booting Windows Vista or Windows 7 installation setup you will need the following:

A. USB memory stick of at least 4Gb+ capacity that supports USB booting.

B. Windows Vista or Windows 7 installation media.

Note: This will not work for booting a Windows XP installation.

1. Insert your USB stick to your computer and backup all data from the USB stick as we are going to format it to make it bootable.

2. Open elevated Command Prompt. To do this, type in CMD in Start menu search field and press Ctrl + Shift + Enter. Alternatively, navigate to Start > All programs >Accessories > right click on Command Prompt and select “Run as Administrator”.

3. When the Command Prompt opens, enter the following command:

DISKPART and press enter.

LIST DISK and press enter.

Once you enter the LIST DISK command, it will show the disk number of your USB drive. (My USB stick was listed as Disk 1)

4. In this step you need to enter all the below commands one by one and press enter. As these commands are self-explanatory, you can easily guess what these commands do.

SELECT DISK 1
(Replace DISK 1 with your disk number)

CLEAN

CREATE PARTITION PRIMARY

SELECT PARTITION 1

ACTIVE

FORMAT FS=NTFS

(The Format process may take few seconds depending on the capacity of your USB stick)

ASSIGN

EXIT

Note: Don’t close the command prompt as we need to execute one more command at the next step – Just minimize it.

5. Insert your Windows DVD in the optical drive and note down the drive letter of the optical drive and USB media. I use “D” as my optical (DVD) drive letter and “G” as my USB drive letter.

6. Go back to command prompt and execute the following commands to change the directory to the DVD’s boot directory where bootsect lives, type the following again pressing enter at the end of each command:

d:

cd d:\boot

7. Use bootsect to set the USB as a bootable NTFS drive prepared for a Vista/7 image. I’m assuming that your USB flash drive has been labelled disk G:\ by the computer, type:

bootsect /nt60 g:

(Where “G” is your USB drive letter)

8. Using Windows Explorer copy all your Windows DVD contents to the USB stick.

Your memory stick is now bootable. You can now use this bootable USB stick as bootable DVD on any computer that supports USB booting from its BIOS.

April 7th, 2011

Adobe Reader X features a new “Protected Mode” which is turned on by default. The protected mode is nothing more than a “secure lock” which protects your computer (and your privacy) by simply preventing infected PDF files from automatically opening and installing malicious software on your machine.

The following instructions will show you how to turn “Protected Mode” on and off within the application and alternatively where to add the registry key to disable it for deployment purposes.

1. Open your Adobe Reader X.

2. Click Edit located on upper left side of the toolbar.

3. Click Preferences.

4. The Preferences window will appear on your screen. Select General Category from the left pane.

5. Tick or Un-tick the Enable Protected Mode at Startup checkbox to enable or disable the feature.

6. Click on OK to apply your changes and close the window to return to Adobe Reader.

 

Alternatively you can disable “Protected Mode” in the registry by adding the following registry key:

[HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Policies\Adobe\AcrobatReader\10.0\FeatureLockDown]

bProtectedMode=dword:00000000

April 6th, 2011

There are two options when hardware resetting a Netgear ReadyNAS Duo they are:

1. Reinstall the ReadyNAS Duo firmware.

2. Reset the ReadyNAS Duo back to the factory default settings.

Typically, you should not need to resort to options (1) and (2) unless you exhausted all other means of recovering your system. You might want to reinstall the ReadyNAS Duo firmware as a first step, if the ReadyNAS Duo had been working normally but a configuration change makes it inaccessible. If this does not work or you wish to set the ReadyNAS Duo backto a factory default state, you can do so following these instructions below:

1. To re-install the ReadyNAS Duo firmware: Use a paper clip to depress the switch while the system is off. Continue to depress the reset switch while powering on the system for approximately5 seconds until the disk LEDs flash once to signify that the command has been accepted. The firmware installation takes several minutes to complete. The Status LED in the front will be solid green when the process is complete. The installation does not affect the data on the ReadyNAS Duo.

Warning! Make sure that you do not continue to press the reset switch after the LEDS flash once, otherwise a Factory Default will occur that erases your data. (see below)

2. To set the ReadyNAS Duo device to Factory Default: Use the same process, except you must hold the System Reset switch for 30 seconds after powering on the system. You will see the disk LEDs flash for a second time to signify that the command has been accepted.

Warning! This process reinstalls the firmware and resets all disk configurations, wiping out all data you might have on the NAS.